Property Ownership Rights And Gender Inequality In Georgia

Property Ownership Rights And Gender Inequality In Georgia

The Asian Development Bank (ADB) in its new survey conducted in Georgia, Mongolia and Philippines, studies gender inequality of the property ownership rights.

The survey conducted in Georgia brings together data for 3,160 households in rural and urban areas. Maximum of 3 persons aged above 18 years have been interviewed in each family – 5,937 persons in total – 57,9% of them were women. 66,1% of those interviewed are married, 19,3% are divorced or widowed and 14,6% has never been married. Majority of the surveyed population – 43,4% – has received secondary education.

According to the result of the survey, the difference of property ownership between men and women is 5% and accordingly if property is owned by 80% of men, in case of women this rate is 76%. 48% of the surveyed men own agricultural lands and in case of women this rate makes 34%.

In all the countries participating in the survey, the rate of legitimation of property is quite low. In Georgia, the difference between legitimated and non-legitimated properties varies between 4% and 43%.

In Georgia, 40% of the interviewed respondents are involved in cattle breeding, however, cattle is owned by 33% of men and 18% of women. Heavy agricultural equipment is owned only by 1% of women and 6% of men.

In Georgia, the difference between legitimated and non-legitimated property is quite big – 80% of the surveyed men state that they are owners of residential houses, while only 46% of them have legitimated their property. In case of women, 76% own residential houses, out of which only 33% have legitimated it.

Legitimated agricultural land is owned by 13% of women and 31% of men.

As far as other types of property are concerned, in Georgia it is owned by 16% of men and 10% of women – accordingly, 11% of men and 6% of women have it legitimated.

According to the results of the survey, gender inequality level is the highest in Mongolia – in the country 60% of men own property while in case of women this rate is only 33%.

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